Carbon Farming involves implementing practices that are known to improve the rate at which CO2 is removed from the atmosphere and converted to plant material and/or soil organic matter.

These practices compose a framework of multi-functional strategies of carbon farming known as the 6 Pillars include holistic management, keyline farming, agro-forestry, living soils, bio-char, and restoration agriculture.  The stable, long term storage of carbon in the soil enhances productivity, increases profitability, and combats climate change.

Carbon Farming incorporates agricultural tools that stimulate carbon sequestration and builds topsoil.  According to the Marin Carbon Project: “Carbon farming involves implementing practices that are known to improve the rate at which CO2 is removed from the atmosphere and converted to plant material and/or soil organic matter.  Carbon farming is successful when carbon gains resulting from enhanced land management and/or conservation practices exceed carbon losses.” 

According to Dr. Rattan Lal, director of the Carbon Management and Sequestration Center at the Ohio State University, carbon farming is “a system of increasing carbon in terrestrial ecosystem(s) for adaptation and mitigation of climate change, to enhance ecosystem goods and services, and trade carbon credits for economic gains.

To understand the difference or Carbon Farming and Regenerative Agriculture please see our comparison here.