Regenerative Agriculture is a system of farming principles and practices that increases biodiversity, enriches soils, improves water cycles, and enhances ecosystem services. Regenerative agriculture aims to capture carbon in soil and aboveground biomass, reversing current global trends of atmospheric accumulation. At the same time, it offers increased yields, resilience to climate instability, and better health and vitality for farming communities. All regenerative agriculture practices are guided by four principles, which are uniquely applied to each specific climate and bio-region:
1. Progressively improve whole agro-ecosystems (soil, water, and biodiversity).
2. Create context-specific designs and make holistic decisions that express the essence of each farm.
3. Ensure and develop just and reciprocal relationships among all stakeholders.
4. Continually grow and evolve individuals, farms, and communities to actualize their innate potential.
From these four principles emerge a diversity of practices including, but not limited to the following: no-till farming, organic annual cropping, compost & compost tea, biochar & terra preta, pasture cropping, managed grazing, animal integration, aquaculture, perennial crops, silvopasture, agrofoestry, and intercropping.
To understand the differences between Carbon Farming and Regenerative Agriculture please see a further analysis here.